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Dipolar Magnetism in Assembled Co Nanoparticles on Graphene
Y.-J. Chan, C.-H. Huang, Y.-M. Chang, Y.-Y. Lu, S.-Y. Wu, D.-H. Wei, and C.-C. Kuo*
The magnetic properties of the assembled Co nanoparticles on graphene were studied using X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD), magneto-optical Kerr effects, and a modeling simulation. We demonstrate that the superparamagnetic nanoparticles reveal a ferromagnetic phase when they are assembled on graphene. The moderate increase of the XMCD asymmetry and magnetization with coverage for this assembly indicates a dipolar-mediated magnetism, which is further verified by a model simulation considering the dipolar interaction between neighboring nanoparticles. Furthermore, C K-edge spectra reveal visible dichroism at the π* state of graphene, which indicates the existence of a spin-polarized interface state, while the assembled Co nanoparticles reveal a ferromagnetic phase. These results suggest an efficient route to stabilize the ferromagnetic phase of nanostructures on graphene by tailoring dipolar interactions, which is essential to realize a higher efficiency of spin injection in graphene-based spintronics.