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Electron Delocalization of Mixed-valence Diiron Sites Mediated by Group 10 Metal Ions in Heterotrimetallic Fe-M-Fe (M=Ni, Pd, and Pt) Chain Complexes
Y.-C. Liu, S.-A. Hua*, M.-C. Cheng, L.-C. Yu, S. Demeshko, S. Dechert, F. Meyer, G.-H. Lee, M.-H. Chiang*, and S.-M. Peng*
The heterotrimetallic complexes [FeMFe(dpa)4 Cl2 ] (M=Ni (1), Pd (2), and Pt (3); dpa- =dipyridylamido) featuring two high-spin iron centers linked by Group 10 metals were synthesized and their physical properties were investigated. Oxidation of 1-3 with suitable oxidants in CH2 Cl2 solution yielded the mixed-valent species [1]+/2+ -[3]+/2+ . The solution properties of [1]0/+/2+ -[3]0/+/2+ were characterized by 1 H NMR and UV/Vis/NIR spectroscopy as well as spectroelectrochemisty. The mixed-valent states of [1]+ -[3]+ obtained by electrochemical or chemical oxidation are classified as class II valence delocalization. The solid-state structures of 1-3, [1]+ , [3]+ , and [1]2+ were determined by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis, exhibiting a linear metal framework with an approximate D4 symmetry. The spin states and magnetic properties were studied by using SQUID magnetometry, EPR and Mössbauer spectroscopy, and DFT calculations. Antiferromagnetic interactions between terminal high-spin iron centers are present within [1]0/+/2+ -[3]0/+/2+ and the |J| values increase with the central metal ion changing from Ni to Pt. The DFT calculations reproduce the antiferromagnetic coupling and ascribe it to a σ-type exchange pathway. The substitution of the central metal not only influences the spin-spin interactions but also the degree of electronic delocalization between the terminal iron sites along the Fe-M-Fe chains.