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Identifying the Electrocatalytic Sites of Nickel Disulfide in Alkaline Hydrogen Evolution Reaction
Q. Ma, C. Hu, K. Liu, S.-F. Hung, D. Ou, H. M. Chen*, G. Fu*, and N. Zheng*
Transition-metal chalcogenides have attracted great attention for their superior catalytic activity towards hydrogen evolution reaction (HER) as an alternative to platinum. Here we report a facile method for synthesizing two-dimensional nickel disulfide (NiS2) by using Ni(OH)2 on nickel foam as substrate. The as-synthesized NiS2 displayed an activation period during HER with a remarkable structural and compositional change under alkaline conditions. Electrochemical in situ X-ray absorption spectroscopy revealed that metallic Ni acted as catalytic active species with superior activity of 67 mV to reach 10 mA cm−2. The in situ generated metallic Ni were easily oxidized to large-area ultrathin Ni(OH)2 when exposed to air. The overall water splitting device was fabricated by using NiS2-derived metallic Ni and Fe doped NiS2-derived hydroxide as HER and OER electrode with a potential of 1.52 V to reach 10 mA cm−2.